Date of Award

7-2015

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Program

Biomedical Sciences

Track

Neuroscience

Research Advisor

Jeffery D. Steketee, Ph.D

Committee

John D. Boughter Jr, Ph.D. Michael P. McDonald, Ph.D. Kazuko Sakata, Ph.D. Wen Lin Sun, Ph.D

Abstract

Towards the goal of improving the knowledge base of how drugs of abuse function to create addicts and using currently uninvestigated areas of this knowledge base, we focused our research studies the male albino rat, and strived to explain how cocaine sensitization alters particular molecular mechanisms in the mesocorticolimbic system related to glutamate receptors, SAPAPs, and affects drug self-administration. Taking all the previously discussed research studies into consideration, we hypothesized that low-dose cocaine self-administration would yield a significant elevation in drug seeking behavior for psychostimulant sensitized animals. For specific changes at the PSD, we hypothesized that acute cocaine exposure and/or cocaine sensitization would alter iGluRs levels in the mPFC, and SAPAP levels in multiple sites of the mesocorticolimbic system. To test these hypotheses, we investigated the effects of psychostimulant sensitization on various parameters of self-administration by infusing a lowdose cocaine reward proven to not induce sensitization during self-administration (reported here as 0.3 mg/kg/infusion). Although drug exposure did not significantly alter self-administration behavior, we did find that more drug exposed subjects acquired self-administration behavior when compared to drug naïve controls. We also investigated the effects of acute cocaine exposure and/or cocaine sensitization on iGluRs in the mPFC and SAPAPs in the entire mesocorticolimbic circuit thru western blotting, immunolabeling of proteins of interest, and comparing protein levels to those found in cocaine naïve controls. A limited self-administration protocol also tested if SAPAP levels were altered by self-administration of a low-dose cocaine reward. For these experiments, we found that SAPAP protein levels are altered in multiple regions of the mesocorticolimbic system in response to contingent and non-contingent cocaine exposure, and that iGluR receptor subunits are altered in the prefrontal cortex in response to noncontingent cocaine exposure.

DOI

10.21007/etd.cghs.2015.0306

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