Date of Award

12-2015

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Program

Biomedical Sciences

Track

Cancer and Developmental Biology

Research Advisor

R. Kiplin Guy, PhD

Committee

Mark E. Hatley, MD, PhD Gerard P. Zambetti, PhD

Abstract

The generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) through the use of small molecule compounds has evolved as a potential cellular reprogramming strategy. Individually, specific small molecule compounds have previously been shown to replace reprogramming transcription factors or enhance the efficiency of cellular reprogramming. More recently, a combination of small molecule compounds can replace all of the reprogramming factors. In this review, we describe in detail the generation of chemically induced pluripotent stem cells using small molecule inhibitors and activators that target either downstream protein kinases or modify chromatin structure to promote somatic cell reprogramming. In addition, epigenetic modulating small molecule compounds that enhance cellular reprogramming and functionally replace some reprogramming factors are discussed.

DOI

10.21007/etd.cghs.2015.0117

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