Michelle Rickard, DNP, CPNP-AC
Investigative Techniques | Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing
Patient noncompliance with medication leads to longer and more frequent infections and health issues. Using mobile reminders, patients can be prompted to take their medication, schedule their followup appointments, or fill their prescription to encourage compliance and better overall health.
A search of PubMed, LibKey, and EBSCO was conducted. Articles reviewed included meta-analysis, randomized controlled trials, and systematic reviews in the use of mobile reminders on patient compliance, specifically in medication adherence. Then, we reviewed the article methods and outcomes across various health issues addressed. The articles were then reviewed for criteria such as population size, length of study, and health issues addressed before being recorded to a spreadsheet for further analysis.
The articles included 4 randomized controlled trials, 2 clinical trials, and 1 systematic review. Per the articles, the most effective methods to increase the rate of compliance are behavior change techniques, improving general T2DM care, providing evidence-based informational leaflets about direct reminders to patients, incorporating direct reminder systems into primary care appointments, and adding a point-of-care reminder to the electronic medical record. Interventions that did not improve adherence were financial incentives and printed reminders to the PCPs.
Implications for Nursing Practice
Further studies are needed, especially with longer length of study, the results tend to be beneficial. Selected studies showed that there was at least some degree of improvement in patient compliance though not all were able to say there was a positive effect on long term health. These results are promising and promote continued research on implementing technology to improve health outcomes.
Weatherly, Paul; Russell, Haley; and Rickard, Michelle DNP, CPNP-AC , "Impact of Mobile Text Reminders on Medication Compliance" (2023). Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects. Paper 60. http://dx.doi.org/10.21007/con.dnp.2023.0060.