Introduction: The sepsis screening tool was launched to improve the usage of the sepsis order set.
Objectives: The purposes of this study were to determine whether the sepsis screening tool increased the usage of sepsis order set and whether the tool improved the primary outcomes. This study assessed the association between using sepsis order set and the compliance of the SEP-1 measure (represented by achieving total perfect care), and the primary outcomes. Furthermore, this study assessed association between the compliance with SEP-1 and the primary outcomes. The primary outcomes were a) time zero to antibiotics, b) inpatient length of stay, and c) survival at discharge.
Material and Methods: Retrospective study collected data 6 months before and 6 months after the launch of sepsis screening tool at a tertiary academic hospital. A total of 632 patients were studied. The sepsis screening tool was incorporated at the nurse station at triage. The sepsis order set contained treatment guidelines based on the SEP-1 measure.
Results: Our findings confirmed that the sepsis screening tool increased the usage of the order set, raised an awareness of the emergency department personnel and improved the adherence to the treatment guidelines by showing that the usage of sepsis order set significantly increased in the postintervention group (p = 0.001). However, we did not find the association between the sepsis screening tool and the primary outcomes or the total perfect care. The utilization of sepsis order set streamlined and standardized the sepsis management, shortened time to antibiotic by 54 minutes (p = 0.001) and reduced length of stay by 1.8 days (p = 0.002). However, there was no significant difference in survival between the group that used the order set and the group that did not use the order set. There was a significant association between sepsis order set use and total perfect care (p < 0.001), which indicated that the order set use increased the compliance with SEP-1 measure. The group that achieved total perfect care significantly associated with all primary outcomes; 102.4 minutes shorter average time zero to antibiotic (p < 0.001), 1.5 days shorter average length of stay (p = 0.004), and better survival at discharge (p < 0.001, 95% CI 0.02 – 0.206, OR 0.064) than the group that did not achieve total perfect care.
Conclusions: Our study confirmed that adherence to the standard treatment guidelines improved the treatment outcomes. The sepsis screening tool increased the use of the sepsis order set. When the order set was used, the compliance with the SEP-1 measure increased. The group that used sepsis order set had a significantly shorter length of stay and shorter time to antibiotic. The group that met SEP-1 measure compliance significantly received antibiotics earlier, shorter stay as an inpatient, and better survival. However, we need more studies to confirm the significant association between compliance of SEP-1 measure and the outcomes because this study did not adjust for clinical characteristics and severity of illness.
Liengsawangwong, Raweewan, "Sepsis Screening Tool Increased the Usage of Sepsis Order Set" (2019). Applied Research Projects. 67. . https://doi.org/10.21007/chp.hiim.0066